Tuesday, October 12, 2004

Mussels Environmental Problems in the Black River Missouri

Freshwater mussels are endangered due to the environmental problems in the Black River Missouri. This paper argues that the first mussel environmental problems may be caused by pesticides and herbicides. Second, mussel environmental problems can be caused by construction and commercial industry and finally there are some possible environmental and educative solutions. These are three important topics to try to help the mussel continue develop their life.


This special animal has my attention due to the fact that in Europe and North America they supply some necessity for other animals in water and food, and some fish put their eggs inside the mussel, and the mussels cried because there is a good place for eggs to remain safe; on the other hand the mussel can produce pearls, and this is one important commercial value, these are for me interesting and exciting reasons for developing programs to preserve their life.

Environmental problems around the Black River of Missouri are serious problems due to the fact that some species of mussels are endangered. In the beginning I want to explain what freshwater mussels are. Second, we should know where this species develops its life. Third, I plan to write this paper with emphasis on their environmental problem due to the fact that actually there is big threat to them and finally their possible solution. This topic has my attention because I live in this area and I think it is a good topic to try in this class and to learn more about this region and to learn more about the uncommon animals called mussels.


I talk about what fresh water mussels are. “Mussels are not the most charismatic animal. They don’t have a head. They live where people don’t encounter them. Most people like bald eagles, otters or whooping cranes, but mussels are just as important in the overall scheme of thing, Huston said (Christian, 2004, p.1).
Some relatives of mussels are mollusks, clams, oysters and other mussels that live in freshwater like the river. Mussels have a very flexible live-long chain because they can live for 20 to 30 years or even more than 100 years. Mussels are an uncommon animal; they are relatively immobile; we can find 42 species; mussels have two types, one is Zebra mussel and Pink Musk. The first one is bad and plentiful, but the second is an important part of the traditional ecosystem.
Mussels live in fresh water throughout the world; we can find the big diversity of fresh water mussels in North America, because they like to live in habitats that contain abundant gravel and mud. Mussels supply some necessity for other animals, like food, and some fish put their eggs inside the mussel and the mussel, cries because there is a good place for eggs to remain safe; these are good points because they help some creatures work together to mutual advantage. I believe that the mussel is an important thing in the environmental, due to the fact that the experts explained, they have a lot work to do; “ for example, they are ‘a canary in the coal mine’” (Christian, 2004, p.1).

This means the habitat river has a good healthy life, and when the mussels in the area disappear, the biologists think the water and environment may be affected.
In this paper I talk about one specific type of the mussels call “Pink Mucket” or “Square Mucket”. Pink Mucket is a little large mussel with a tick, inflated, smooth and yellow-brown shell. Pink Mucket mussel, develop their lives in flowing waters and abundant gravel; for this reason we can find Pink Mucket in Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Arkansas, Alabama, West Virginia, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Louisiana and Kentucky.
At this moment the Pink Mucket has lost its habitat due to environmental problems. Environmental problems affect all the life in the ecosystem; we need to think and to know about that the future consequences and effects.
In the beginning, I talk about their environmental problems caused by pollution from herbicides and pesticides; this problem is caused by the fact that farmers in this region use chemicals in their farms to control diseases in their products but they are unaware of the futures effects of the pesticides they use. Pesticides are chemicals that kill animals and vegetation but the farmers think if they use them they will make more money for their production.


The problem is that these products contain some pollutants that change the environment, they kill fish and contaminate the water and change the where natural ecosystem.
Finally unfortunately the use pesticides on Illinois farms I think might be increased because farmers don’t know about the consequences and effects of the pesticides they use. There are big reasons for founding some solutions and preventing future effects.
Therefore, I think one the solution is to implement laws by controlling the pesticides and herbicides with few strong regulations and punishments such as the federal law that prohibits the importation, transportation, and their commercialization in general.
Ecologists should promptly find a solution to prevent more future consequences through educational activities for farmers and all the residents around the Black River in Missouri. For example, there should be a pamphlet or brochure which explains the effects and consequences of using these products and the benefit of preserving the mussels in the Black River of Missouri. These educational activities can do the same for children and all the students in their school. Another possible solution is implantation the educational activities for all the population around the river with focus on the young people because they are the future farm and local residents; furthermore, this action can development now with good effect in the future. One other possible action is to create groups with specific finality; for example, realization of the recreational activities whose objective is to collect financial resources and have ducational purpose. If everybody works together we can to find a solution promptly and we can to prevent their extinction.


Second, the mussel environmental problem can be from construction and commercial industry; these are two form for make money due to that fact that “Mussels can produce pearls, and their shells can be used to make buttons for clothing or to serve as seedstck for the culture pearl industry” (Hambrook & Eberle, 2000 p.1). Furthermore, Pink Muckets have a commercial value for use in the polished chip industry, all these commercial industries contribute to their habitat destruction.
Elsewhere, their habitat loss is from dam construction, canalization and dredging; these reason contribute al these species has declined and deteriorated their existent.” The Pink Mucket has declined in range and numbers due to dam and reservoir construction that has changed natural river flow, water temperature and oxygen and sediment contents” ( Matthews ). The economic development is the highest consequence that environmental problems in general, a fortunately this topic is discuses by environmentalists and biologist and all the people involved in ours environmental development and the solution it’s a global solution. Everybody work together for find the best solution now and in the future for environmental problems and economic development. This is a good point due to that the fact that “Protecting and restoring mussel population is difficult if knowledge of their environmental requirements is lacking” ( Hambrook,& Eberle 2000 p.1).


In conclusion, to preserve the animal and vegetation life in the river is a wonderful thing, and an interesting environmental development, and to find a solution to their problems promptly can help to control their extinction. Mussels can be uncommon and different animal but their work in the world is really important for preserve a good environmental ecosystem and everybody needs to know about their importance and help to stop their extinction.

We must preserve the animals and vegetation life in order to save the human population.



REFERENCES




A. Christian, H. (2004, March 22) Endangered mussels make a home under Poplar Bluff’s bridges. (2004, March 22). Associated Press. Retrieved From Lexis-Nexis on Sep. 3, 2004.

B. Hadlington S, (2004, July 14). It’s all take and no give Scientists used to think that mussels and fish enjoyed a mutually advantaged. Science & Technology. The Independent London.

C. Hambrook, J. & Eberle, M (2000 October). What makes a healthy environment for native fresh water mussels, (2000, October). USGS science for changing world.


D. Endangered species Guidesheet. (2004, June 30). The Official World Wildlife Fund Guide to Endangered species, Beacham publishing. Vol. II pp. 985-986.


E. Freshwater mussels of the Midweds. (1992, December). Illinois Natural History Survey, (1992, December).

Friday, October 08, 2004

Argument essay

Arg. Essay

Mussels are uncommon animals we can to find two mussels types one is a zebra mussel and pink musk the first one is bad and plentiful and the seconds is an important part of the traditional ecosystem. I plan to write this paper with emphasis in small mussels and their environmental problems due to the fact that actually there a big threat to them especially around the Black River in Missouri, because now I live in this area and I think it is a good topic to try in this class and to learn more about this region. Second, this special animal has my attention due to the fact that in Europe they supply some necessity for other animals in water and food, some fish put their eggs inside the Mussel, and the mussels cried because there is a good place for eggs to remain safe; this is for me a very interesting and exciting point that some creatures work together to mutual advantage.
Environmental problems around the Black River in Missouri are a serious problem due to the fact that are endangered species of mussels and their vegetation. In the beginning I will talk about pollution from herbicides and pesticides, this problem are cause by the fact that farmers in this region use this chemicals in their farms for control but they are unaware of the futures effects of the pesticides they use.
Laws should control the pesticides and herbicides with a few regulations and ecologists should promptly the solution to prevent more future consequences other possible solution it’s an educational activities for farmers and all the residents around the Black River in Missouri.


Second, mussel in Europe supply some necessities for other animals in water and food, and some fish put their eggs inside the mussel and the mussels cried because there is a good place for eggs to remain safe. If this process work together to mutual advantage is a general in the mussel I think this one important reason for try to preserve their life.
In conclusion, to preserve the animal and vegetation life in the river is a wonderful thing, and an interesting environmental development, and to find a solution for their problems promptly can help to control their extinction,

References
Endangered mussels make a home under Poplar Bluff’s bridges. (2004, March
22). Associated Press. Retrieved From Lexis-Nexis on Sep. 3, 2004.
Hadlington Simon, (2004, July 14). It’s all take and no give scientists used to think that mussels and fish enjoyed a mutually. Science & Technology. The Independent London on July. 14, 2004.

R.Proposal

Research paper Proposal

Mussels

I am interested in the actually Mussels environment problem because I like animals especially uncommon animals, due to the fact that I am really interested in culture about the uncommon species. In the beginning I want to know where this species development they life. Second, what kind of the environmental problems do they have, especially around the Black River in Missouri, because; now I live in this area and I think it is a good topic to try in this class and to learn more about this region. Third, this special animal has my attention due to the fact that in Europe they supply some necessity for other animals in water and food, and some fish put their eggs inside the Mussel and the mussels cried because there is a good place for eggs to remain safe, this is for me very interesting and exciting point that some creatures work together to mutual advantage.

Finally, I feel really excited to know about this species and I plan to write this paper with emphasis on their environmental problems due to the fact that actually there a big threat to them. I hope in the future ecologists can find promptly a solution for their problems. I think one the solution for their environmental problems is a control of pollution from herbicides and pesticides in the Black River in Missouri.


I found this information on websites in Lexis-Nexis.
References
Endangered mussels make a home under Poplar Bluff’s bridges. (2004, March 22). Associated Press. Retrieved From Lexis-Nexis on Sep. 3, 2004.







Thursday, September 09, 2004

Mussels make home under Poplar Bluff’s rivers bridges

Mussels make home under Poplar Bluff’s rivers bridges

The article “Endangered mussels make home under Poplar Bluff’s bridges” talks about the endangered to have proximally 65 species, around the Black River water and their vegetation they have a focus in one type of the species called Mussels. The article mentions that it is an important thing for the biologists and Southwest Missouri State in Springfield to work to preserve healthy life and freshwater mussels.
I believe that the Mussel is an important thing in the environment, due to the fact that the expert explained they have a lot work to do; for example, they are “a canary in the coal mine” which means the habitat river has a good healthy life, and when the Mussels in the area disappear, the biologists think the water and the environment is may be affected.
However, this is a good point to watch not only in this specific river but also in others, due to the fact that it is an interesting way for to identify some environment problems.

In conclusion, to preserve the animal and vegetation life in the river is a wonderful thing and an interesting environmental development. Additionally the article mention that some Native Americans used to eat mussels and sometimes maybe enjoyed them, now I am very surprised because never in my life did know that mussels can be eaten and I never have seen them before.

Endangered mussels make home under Poplar Bluff’s bridges. (2004, March 22). Associate Press. Retrieved From Lexis-Nexis on Sep.3, 2004.

Bridge is still a dream, but contract for PR is real: Illinois agency pay over 4.2 million. St. Luis Post Dispatch.

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Milenz
Mr. Leverett


Bridge is still a dream, but contract for PR is real: Illinois agency pay over 4.2 million. St. Luis Post Dispatch.

The article “Bridge is still a dream, but contract for pr is real: Illinois agency pay would pay over $ 4.2 million” million in the St. Louis Post Dispatch by Shane Graber discusses possible problems that will happen to the company D&T communication if gets to construct the new Mississippi River bridge. The contract in the beginning is for $ 3.168 million in the first five years of work and $ 4.224 million for two more years; this amount can be paid even if the bridge is never built, although this way is discussed in the beginning of the contract. The transportation planners were discussing a new Mississippi River bridge for a long time, because the bridge has a lot of work in the future and the new contract can help or support this.
I believe that the construction of the new Mississippi River Bridge is a very good solution and one of the most important things to discuss due to that fact that when the bridge is constructed the city can have many benefits in the future. For example, the congestion of traffic now is approximately 90 minutes, but in 2020, it can be three hours, and with the new bridge, it can change to 10 to 15 minutes; this is one of the possible benefits.
On the other hand, the benefits not only are in the traffic, but also can be a new economic development in the St. Louis-area; it will provide new jobs, new increase of the economy and social development in the metro area of St. Louis.
However, if the bridge can’t be constructed, I think the punishment of the breach of contract is a lot of money but the most important thing is that the bridge can be constructed because this can be a huge project in the future and the money cannot solve the future problem.
Therefore, now the company has many responsibilities with the public and the workers due to that fact that they have many expectations about the new Mississippi River Bridge. I think it a good idea to open an office where the people can find information about the project.
In conclusion, the idea of the construction of a new bridge on the Mississippi River can be a wonderful solution to many future traffic problems, and they can provide new social and new economic life in the metro St. Louis-area.

Graber, S. (2001, July 9). Bridge is still a dream, but contract for PR is real: Illinois agency would pay over 4.2 million. St. Louis Post Dispatch, A01.

The article "Cement Plant Gets Air Permit" by Sara Shipley of the Post-
Dispatch talks about the polemic environmental problems that may be caused by
the construction of the cement plant in Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri.
Environmental groups said of the construction that this could increase air
pollution and worsen diseases, but on the other hand the plant will help the
development of the state due to the plant bringing a lot of future jobs. I think the
environmental groups have reason to be worried about the possible
consequences but in the article it mentions one possible solution. Ted Heisel,
executive director of the Missouri Coalition for the Environment, said the permit
should be much more stringent, I think this is a wonderful idea because it can
continue to help the healthy region. On the other hand, Tully, the spokeswoman
from Holcim Cement Plant, mentioned that the impact can not be significant on
the air in the territory due to the fact that the plant can use one technology that
reduces nitrogen oxide emissions, called " selective noncatalytic reduction"; this
is one alternative referred to for control of the cement plant. For me this is a
good option to find the solution of the environment problems. However, the
executive director prefered another solution called "Selective Catalalytic
reduction"; the difference is that technology can remove 80 to 90 percent of
nitrogen oxide from the air, versus 20 to 30 percent whit he Holcim technology.
This is a relevant argument of the environmental groups, but the problem is this
technology is more expensive; I think if the plant is to adopt this technology, it
would be a good solution for environmental groups, but for the plant its costs
will increase and maybe they can't survive in the market . In conclusion, I think
both have a good reason and controversial differences but the most important is
both are worried about the environmental problem and in the future they can
find good and quality solutions. Shipley, S. (2004, June 9). Cement Plant gets
air permit. St.Louis Post Dispatch, P. A01. Retrieved Aug. 25, 2004 from
Lexis-Nexis. !